What are the different types of lung cancer?
Lung tumors -- clusters of cancerous, or abnormal, cells -- can affect the way the lungs work and how well you breathe. These tumors can shed cancer cells that may then travel to other parts of the body through blood or lymph, a fluid found in the lungs.
Treatment options will depend on the type of lung cancer you have. There are two main types of lung cancer:
- Non-small-cell: About 85 percent of all lung cancers are non-small-type. This includes squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large-cell carcinoma.
- Small-cell: Also known as oat cell cancer, this type spreads quickly.
Am I at risk for lung cancer?
The leading risk factor for lung cancer is smoking. According to the American Cancer Society, at least 80 percent of lung cancer deaths result from smoking.
However, even nonsmokers can get lung cancer. Other risk factors include:
- Secondhand smoke
- Family history
- Air pollution
- Exposure to asbestos
- Exposure to environmental toxins such as:
- Radioactive materials, including radon and uranium
- Arsenic in drinking water
- Inhaled chemicals such as cadmium, silica, coal products, vinyl chloride and others
What lung cancer symptoms should I be aware of?
Unfortunately, you may not notice any signs of lung cancer until the disease is advanced. Some symptoms may include:
- Coughing up blood
- Persistent cough that won’t go away
- Shortness of breath
- Unexplained weight loss
How will my lung cancer be diagnosed?
If the doctor suspects lung cancer, they may order one or more of the following diagnostic tests:
- Imaging tests: These tests take pictures of the inside of the body and may include a chest X-ray, CT scan, PET scan, or bone scan.
- Biopsy: If something in the lung looks suspicious, the doctor may need to take a tissue sample the your lung for further testing. We offer many minimally invasive methods for sampling tissue that are quick and painless, including bronchoscopy and endobronchial ultrasound.
- If you are between the ages of 55 and 77 years old, and if you are a current or former tobacco smoker, you may be eligible to participate in a screening program that is covered by your insurance with no copay or any out of pocket expense to you. The Lung Cancer Screening program was developed to assist patients in the early detection of lung cancer.
What are my lung cancer treatment options?
Your lung cancer treatment also may include:
- Ablation and therapeutic techniques: These treatments destroy cancer cells, stop bleeding, and help you breathe better.
- Interventional pulmonology program: We have the only comprehensive program in Michigan. We offer advanced bronchoscopy procedures to relieve symptoms and widen airways to help you breathe easier.
- Lung cancer surgery: We perform a full range of surgical options, and we use a minimally invasive approach whenever possible.
We participate in a number of clinical trials to test for new lung cancer treatments. Talk with your doctor about whether you may qualify for a clinical trial.