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Esotropia, also known as “cross-eyed,” is a type of strabismus, a vision condition in which the child’s eyes are not properly aligned with each other. In esotropia, the misalignment or deviation of the eyes is inward toward the nose. There are two major types of esotropia, accommodative and congenital.
This condition usually is first seen when the child is between 2 and 4 years of age. Children with esotropia are highly farsighted, and the crossing eye may be seen intermittently when the child is tired or focusing on a near target. If untreated, it may increase in frequency and the eye may later remain crossed full time. Accommodative esotropia treatment may include:
The longer a child with accommodative esotropia remains untreated, the more likely amblyopia will develop.
This condition usually is seen first at birth or in early infancy. In congenital esotropia, the eyes usually cross a large amount and amblyopia may or may not be present.
Congenital esotropia treatment may include:
Your Henry Ford pediatric ophthalmologist will recommend the best treatment based on your child’s unique needs, and work with you every step of the way.
The Henry Ford Department of Ophthalmology is committed to providing our patients with compassionate, personalized care. We feature the most advanced treatments in eye care and are dedicated to vision research – always staying at the forefront of innovation. A leader in Michigan, as well as one of the largest ophthalmology practices in the United States, we treat more than 55,000 patients per year at 12 locations throughout southeast Michigan. In addition, our team works closely with Henry Ford Medical Group physicians in other departments, providing multidisciplinary, coordinated care for those patients who need it.