Research in General Surgery
The ACOS Residency Evaluation and Standards Committee (RESC) requires all residents to demonstrate the ability to synthesize and apply medical research data by writing an original scientific research paper. The Program provides the resources and requires that all Residents meet this requirement. Through this process, the resident should improve cognitive skills, and learn to manage and communicate medical information. This requirement is met by:
- OGME2 Submission of a literature review, a poster presentation, or a scientific paper
- OGME3 Submission of a case report, a poster presentation, or a scientific paper
- OGME4 Evidence of original research and data collection, and a progress report prepared in the format of a scientific paper by completion of OGME4, approved by the Program Director, on an original research topic
- OGME5 Additional evidence of original research and data collection, and completion and submission of an original research paper approved by the Program Director
Guidance from the Model Curriculum in General Surgery, which was implemented in July 2006, states:
Each Resident will be expected to do a scholarly project of his/her choice on clinical research, medical education research, a community-based effort of a practice improvement outcome over the course of the residency. Residents will be expected to attend sessions for review and evaluation of their projects, discussion of study design, techniques and analysis.
- Original Scientific or Clinical Research: Residents may select a quantitative or qualitative approach to original scientific or clinical research including literature review, case study, new surgical procedure report.
- Community Project: Resident may select a specific health improvement or disease prevention issue or need within the community. The Resident must identify a population of interest within the community, summarize the problem and the population, review the current literature, perform a needs assessment, and design, implement and evaluate an intervention to address the issue or need.
- Medical Education Research: Improvements in Medical Education have led to more effective training processes and programs for medical students and residents. Residents who wish to pursue a medical education research project must identify a process or program need, review the current literature, perform a needs assessment, and design, implement and evaluate the proposed improvement project.
- Root Cause Analysis: Design and complete a project with a Resident Partner for presentation at surgical grand rounds focusing on the root-cause analysis of a systems error occurring in the management of one of their patients.