Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Test (CIMT)
One type of evaluation that is available to all patients without a doctor’s referral and does not use radiation is the carotid intima-media thickness test (CIMT). This arterial health screening uses a special form of ultrasound of the carotid arteries in the neck to show if there is early plaque build-up or thickening of the carotid artery wall. These signs have been identified as markers for future heart disease risk. Some hospitals also include a check of the arteries in the arms and legs. While it is not designed to detect blockages, the arterial health screening will show early signs of vascular disease, if present.