Self-checks for testicular cancer
The best time to perform a self-check for testicular cancer is after a warm bath or shower. During a self-check, you should:
- Hold one testicle gently between the thumbs and fingers of both hands
- Roll the testicle gently between the fingers
- Feel for hard lumps, smooth masses (nodules), swelling, or any changes in the testicle
- Repeat the process for the other testicle
There’s no official guideline for how often you should perform a testicle self-check. Our doctors recommend monthly self-checks.
Testicular cancer diagnosis
Suspicious results during a self-check or during a routine examination by your doctor could mean you need further testing. One test we use frequently to check for testicular cancer is a testicular ultrasound.
We may also perform blood tests as part of our diagnostic process for testicular cancer. We will take a sample of your blood to check for abnormal levels of certain chemicals that testicular tumors release into the bloodstream. We call these chemicals tumor markers, and they include:
- Alpha fetoprotein (AFP)
- Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-hCG)
- Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
If we detect testicular cancer during the testing process, we’ll discuss the options and work with you to create a customized treatment plan.