Testicular Cancer Screenings & Diagnosis

Testing options to locate and identify testicular cancer.

Unlike some cancers, there’s no routine or standard screening test for early detection of testicular cancer. Men often find testicular cancer on their own.

It may be tempting to ignore a lump or other symptoms of testicular cancer, but it is important to let your doctor know as soon as possible if you notice anything strange about your testicles. Proper testing and diagnosis let us provide the care you need right away if your doctor finds that you have testicular cancer.

Self-checks for testicular cancer

The best time to perform a self-check for testicular cancer is after a warm bath or shower. During a self-check, you should:

  • Hold one testicle gently between the thumbs and fingers of both hands
  • Roll the testicle gently between the fingers
  • Feel for hard lumps, smooth masses (nodules), swelling, or any changes in the testicle
  • Repeat the process for the other testicle

There’s no official guideline for how often you should perform a testicle self-check. Our doctors recommend monthly self-checks.

Testicular cancer diagnosis

Suspicious results during a self-check or during a routine examination by your doctor could mean you need further testing. One test we use frequently to check for testicular cancer is a testicular ultrasound.

We may also perform blood tests as part of our diagnostic process for testicular cancer. We will take a sample of your blood to check for abnormal levels of certain chemicals that testicular tumors release into the bloodstream. We call these chemicals tumor markers, and they include:

  • Alpha fetoprotein (AFP)
  • Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (B-hCG)
  • Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)

If we detect testicular cancer during the testing process, we’ll discuss the options and work with you to create a customized treatment plan.

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Call us at (888) 777-4167