How to Lower Your Blood Pressure
Healthy lifestyle choices and regular check-ups help keep the pressure down
If you are someone who does not go to the doctor regularly or does not get your blood pressure checked, you could have high blood pressure without knowing it. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is called the "silent killer" because very often there are no symptoms. Over time, you may not be aware that it is damaging your arteries, heart, kidneys and other organs. High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart attack, stroke, heart failure and kidney failure.
The good news is that with the help of your primary care doctor and a few lifestyle improvements, you can keep your blood pressure within a healthy range.
Lifestyle tips to lower blood pressure
Your doctor will help you decide if you need blood pressure medication, but you can take steps yourself to help prevent high blood pressure or even reduce your need to take medication.
Lifestyle changes that can help with high blood pressure include:
- Eating a healthy diet that is low in salt
- Getting regular physical activity
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Managing stress
- Avoiding tobacco smoke
- Limiting alcohol
Learn how to check your blood pressure at home to monitor your own efforts.
Movement to lower blood pressure
Aerobic activities increase your heart rate and breathing rate, making your heart stronger. When your heart is stronger, it takes less effort to pump the blood through your body. This helps to lower the blood pressure. To keep your blood pressure low, you need to keep exercising. It takes about 1-3 months for regular exercise to have an impact on your blood pressure.
If you do not regularly exercise, ask your doctor before starting a new exercise routine.
Frequency: 5 days a week
Intensity: moderate to get your heart rate up
Time: start with 10 minutes, working up to 60 minutes
Type: walking, biking, dancing, swimming, playing at the park, chair exercises, golf, basketball and hiking
- Track your progress by writing down your physical activity each day.
- Use reminders to exercise, such as scheduling it on your calendar or leaving your exercise shoes by the door.
- Reward yourself for sticking to your exercise plan, by going to a movie or buying a new pair of exercise shoes.
- Find a group class or a buddy to workout with or go on walks.
Using the DASH diet to lower blood pressure
The DASH diet stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. It is a pattern of eating foods with less salt and more magnesium, potassium, and calcium. It is designed to help lower blood pressure within two weeks of starting the plan. DASH focuses on eating fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy, while decreasing processed foods and added salt.
Fruits: 4-5 servings
Vegetables: 4-5 servings
Whole grains: 6 servings
Low-fat dairy: 2-3 servings
Meat, poultry, fish: 1-2 servings
Nuts, seeds, dry beans: 3-4 servings per week
Sweets: no more than 5 small servings per week
- Fruits: 1 medium fruit the size of a tennis ball, ½ cup of fresh or frozen fruit, ¼ cup of dried fruit
- apricots, bananas, dates, grapes, oranges, grapefruit, mangoes, melons, peaches, pineapples, prunes, raisins, and strawberries
- Vegetables: 1 cup of raw leafy vegetables, ½ cup of raw or cooked vegetables
- tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, green peas, squash, broccoli, artichokes, green beans, sweet potatoes and bell peppers
- Whole grains: 1 slice of bread, ½ bagel, ½ cup cooked pasta or rice or cereal or grains
- Whole wheat bread and English muffins, whole wheat pasta, brown rice, barley, quinoa, oatmeal
- Low-fat dairy: 1 cup milk, 1 ounce of cheese, ½ cup yogurt
- Meat, poultry, fish: a piece the size of a deck of cards or computer mouse
- Lean cuts, trim away visible fat, remove skin from poultry, bake or roast instead of frying
- Nuts and seeds: ¼ cup of nuts or seeds, 2 Tbsp peanut butter, ½ cup cooked dry beans or lentils
- Sweets: 1 Tbsp sugar or jelly, 1 small cookie, 2-inch square brownie or cake
- Salt: no more than a total of 1 teaspoon of table salt (2,300 milligrams), including added salt and the salt found in foods or used for cooking
Tips to get started
- Buy fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables
- Choose whole grains, like whole wheat bread and pasta and quinoa
- Drink milk for lunch and dinner instead of pop or juice
- Eat a serving of nuts, seeds, or beans every other day
- Plan meals and snacks ahead of time
- Plan your meals starting with a fruit and vegetable at each meal
- Use reduced-salt or no-salt-added condiments and food products
- When eating out, avoid adding salt to foods
- Write down what you eat
Learn about our Blood Pressure Recheck Clinics and how they can help you monitor your blood pressure.
The Henry Ford Medical Group is a proud participant of the Measure Up Pressure Down national campaign to improve blood pressure detection, prevention and control.