What is rhinitis?
Rhinitis is an inflammation of the lining of the nose. When the lining of the nose becomes inflamed, it can swell and block airflow. Additionally, the glands found in the lining of the nose may over or under produce mucous which can result in added symptoms.
Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis
Rhinitis can be divided into two main categories, Allergic and Non-Allergic.
We offer allergy testing and many treatment options include anti-histamines, nasal steroids, immunotherapy (allergy shots), and leukotriene modifiers.
Types and causes of rhinitis
- Allergic Rhinitis (Hayfever)
- Allergies to any variety of substances such as molds, grasses, dust mites, etc. can result in nasal congestion and itchy, watery eyes.
- Non-Allergic Rhinitis
- Problems other than allergies can cause inflammation or swelling inside the nose and generally cause "stuffiness" and congestion.
- Irritant Rhinitis
- These reactions do not involve the body's immune system but may be a response to various substances in the environment such as dust, smoke, or other pollutants.
- Infectious Rhinitis
- The typical "cold" or "flu" may result in nasal congestion and drainage. Often these types of infections are caused by viruses so treatment is geared toward the symptoms since antibiotics are ineffective.
- Rhinitis during Pregnancy
- The cause of this is uncertain but may be related to fluctuating hormone levels or water retention during the second and third trimesters.
- Rhinitis Medicamentosa
- Overuse of nasal decongestant sprays can cause the nose to become "addicted" to them. Treatment involves stopping the decongestant spray and replacing it with a nasal steroid spray while the nose returns to normal