While rare, benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors in the nasal or sinus cavities can develop. We utilize minimally invasive endoscopic surgery whenever possible to completely remove these tumors and other techniques to preserve your appearance and get you back to a healthy, full life.
There are four types of sinus tumors. These include:
- Osteoma – Osteoma tumors are the most common benign sinus tumors. They are characterized as a growth of bone cells.
- Inverted Papilloma – This type of tumor is a type of benign sinus tumor that is most likely to require surgery. In about 5 to 10 percent of cases, cancer cells are found in the tumor or develop into cancer later in life.
- Hemangiopericytoma – This is a vascular tumor, which means it a tumor that forms in the blood vessels of the nose. It can be either benign or malignant.
- Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma – A juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma tumor is a benign yet aggressive vascular tumor that almost always occurs only in adolescent males.
Sinus tumor symptoms
Symptoms of sinus or nasal tumors are nonspecific, and may resemble those of other rhinologic conditions, such as worsening nasal obstruction, nosebleeds, loss of smell, foul nasal drainage, facial numbness, and, in severe cases, blurred vision.
Many of these symptoms are often presumed to be a sinus infection, but the symptoms will continue despite routine medical therapy.
Sinus tumor treatment options
Our rhinologists are fellowship-trained to perform complex minimally invasive endoscopic tumor resections through the nose. Most benign -- and some malignant -- tumors can be removed endoscopically through the nose without the need for external facial or oral incisions. For tumors that may be too large to be removed through minimally invasive procedures, an external approach may be appropriate.
Depending on the complexity of the condition, your unique case may also be discussed at our weekly multi-disciplinary head and neck cancer tumor board. At these tumor board conferences, we collaborate with doctors in hematology-oncology as well as radiation oncology to determine the best type or combination of types of different treatment options.
If patients have rare tumors or other diseases affecting the skull base, their care will often be handled by both a rhinologist and a neurosurgeon. Learn more about skull base and pituitary tumors.