Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

An x-ray test used to view the female reproductive organs.


  • Patient is positioned as for routine pelvic exam and a speculum is inserted.
  • A small tube is inserted (vaginally) through the cervix into the uterus. A contrast media is injected into the uterus.
  • Under fluoroscopic x-ray, the uterus and fallopian tubes are illuminated and visualized as they fill with contrast. X-ray images are obtained.
  • A cramping sensation during and after the procedure is common as well as some spotting.
  • The procedure itself takes about one hour.


  • Schedule between day 9 or 10 from start of menstrual cycle.
  • Cannot be during your menstrual cycle.
  • Abstain from sexual intercourse during that menstrual cycle and until after test is completed.
  • Eat a light breakfast, nothing to eat after breakfast.
  • Arrive 15-30 minutes prior to your scheduled appointment with a prescription if your doctor has given you one.
  • Doctor may require pregnancy test prior to exam.
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