How can you know if someone is having a stroke?
The National Stroke Association developed the acronym F.A.S.T. to remember the symptoms of stroke and ways to determine if someone is having a stroke.
If you believe someone might be having a stroke:
- F= Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
- A=Arm: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
- S=Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Does the speech sound slurred or strange?
- T=Time: If you observe any of these signs, it’s time to call 9-1-1. Studies show stroke patients who arrive at the hospital by ambulance receive quicker treatment than those who arrive on their own.
Other signs of a stroke include sudden confusion, sudden difficulty seeing in one or both eyes, sudden difficulty walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, sudden, severe headache with no known cause.