A Barium Enema is an x-ray exam of your rectum and colon. This test helps your doctor detect problems such as a blockage, a tumor, polyps or other disorders.
- A tube is inserted into your rectum.
- Your colon is filled with barium (a liquid that improves the x-ray images).
- You will be asked to move into different positions and hold your breath while x-rays are taken.
- Pressure may be applied to your belly to get the best images.
- The last x-ray will be taken after you go to the bathroom.
- The procedure takes about one hour.
- Bring a list of current medications.
- You will receive detailed preparation information at the time of scheduling or by mail.
- For Macomb patients only:
- Clear liquid, fat free diet the day before the exam (no milk).
- Drink at least one full glass or more of water every two hours beginning at noon.
- The evening before the examination, drink one (10 oz) bottle of Magnesium Citrate (cold) at 7pm.
- Do not eat before exam. Sips of water allowed up to one hour prior to exam.
- If you are having an Upper GI study performed on the same day, the Barium Enema must be done first.
- Having a Barium Enema may affect your ability to schedule other GI procedures within certain time frames.