Abdominal Ultrasound

Abdominal Ultrasound is an exam that obtains multiple longitudinal and transverse images of the upper abdominal organs by using sound waves. A hand-held transducer (probe) is used to create images of the abdominal organs. It can assist in diagnosing problems, such as abdominal masses, gallstones, kidney stones or liver disease.


  • Do not eat or drink anything for six hours before your exam or nothing to eat or drink after midnight if appointment is in the morning.
    • This includes chewing gum or smoking a cigarette as this will affect the exam.
    • If you take medication in the morning, you may take it with a sip of water only.
  • For children under 4 years old, skip one meal.
  • Arrive 15 minutes prior to your scheduled appointment with a prescription if your doctor has given one to you.


  • You will lie on an exam table with your abdomen exposed.
  • Non-greasy gel will be applied to your skin during the exam.
  • The sonographer will use a hand-held transducer (probe) against your abdomen to obtain images of your organs.
  • The sonographer may ask you to hold your breath for a few seconds during the exam.
  • You may be asked to change positions during exam.


  • Let the technologist know:
    • If you have had any previous surgery.
    • If you take any medication.
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