Testicular Cancer

Risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options for testicular cancer.

Testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer in men ages 20 to 34, according to the National Cancer Institute. Testicular cancer has a high survival rate, and our team has the information, expertise, and resources to help you overcome your cancer.

Risk factors for testicular cancer

There are relatively few risk factors for developing testicular cancer. Some risks include:

  • Age (about 50 percent of all cases occur in men between the ages of 20 and 34)
  • Being Caucasian (white)
  • Having at least one testicle that didn’t move from the abdomen down into the scrotum before birth (known as an undescended testicle or cryptorchidism)
  • HIV infection
  • Family history of testicular cancer, especially if a father or brother has had the disease

It’s important to note that having one or more risk factors doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll develop testicular cancer. And some patients who do develop it don’t have any of these factors.

Testicular cancer symptoms

One of the first signs of testicular cancer that most men notice is a lump or other unusual area on the testicle. Other symptoms of testicular cancer may include:

  • Breast tenderness or growth
  • Changes in the way a testicle feels or its size
  • Lower back pain
  • Pain or discomfort in the testicle
  • Swelling of the testicle or scrotum

Diagnosis and treatment of testicular cancer

Your care starts with a diagnosis of testicular cancer. Often, men notice lumps or unusual areas on the testicles themselves. Your doctor may recommend additional tests after a physical examination.

If you have testicular cancer, we’ll work together to explore treatment options. Depending on the type of cancer and whether it has spread, we offer a range of treatment options, such as:

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