What is an Early College?
Early college high school is a bold approach, based on the principle that academic rigor, combined with the opportunity to save time and money, is a powerful motivator for students to work hard and meet serious intellectual challenges. Early college high schools blend high school and college in a rigorous yet supportive program, compressing the time it takes to complete a high school diploma and the first two years of college.
The schools are designed so that low-income youth, first-generation college goers, English language learners, students of color, and other young people underrepresented in higher education can simultaneously earn a high school diploma and an Associate’s degree or up to two years of credit toward a Bachelor’s degree—tuition free.
Early college high schools are small schools designed so that students can earn both a high school diploma and an Associate’s degree or up to two years of credit toward a Bachelor’s degree. Early college high schools have the potential to improve high school graduation rates and better prepare all students for high-skill careers by engaging them in a rigorous, college preparatory curriculum and compressing the number of years to a college degree.
What do all early college high schools have in common?
Each early college high school develops a unique vision and a learning environment that represents community interests and student needs. However, all early college high schools share the following characteristics:
- Students have the opportunity to earn an Associate’s degree or up to two years of transferable college credit while in high school.
- Mastery and competence are rewarded with enrollment in college-level courses and the opportunity to earn two years of college credit for free.
- The years to a postsecondary degree are compressed.
- The middle grades are included in the school, or there is outreach to middle-grade students to promote academic preparation and awareness of the early college high school option.
Schools provide academic and social supports that help students succeed in a challenging course of study.
- Learning takes place in small learning environments that demand rigorous, high-quality work and provide extensive support.
- The physical transition between high school and college is eliminated—and with it the need to apply for college and for financial aid during the last year of high school. After graduation many students continue to pursue a credential at the partner college.
Henry Ford Early College (HFEC) is an educational format administered jointly by a public school district, a college within the district, and a healthcare industry partner. Early Colleges offer an integrated curriculum of high school and college courses resulting in both a high school diploma and a college certificate, associate's degree, or up to two years of college credit. Typically, students are enrolled in Early Colleges for five years, starting with the ninth grade.
Four pillars for student success in college classes in high school
- Deep sustained collaboration with college partners
- Aligned academic programs from the 9th grade through 60 credits
- Student support appropriate to the needs of the students and the demands of college
- Continuous organizational improvement.
These Six Design Principles are based on work that began in New York in the 1980's and continue at Middle Colleges across the country. The Design Principals are also based on current research on engaging at-risk youth. Each one of the Six Design Principles is important to the success of students who have traditionally been underserved in our public schools; particularly students who are unmotivated, under prepared for high school work and disengaged from their education.
These Six Design Principles are:
- Power of the Site - Locating schools on a college campus is integral to student motivation and success and to an enduring collaborative partnership. It is a visible symbol to the community of a dual accountability for student outcomes and academic success. Students are treated as college students and see themselves as college completers.
- Teaching and Learning - Developing students' literacy skills is critical to academic success. Schools regularly engage students in rigorous, in-depth academic work, use active intellectual inquiry and sustained writing and revision in all classes.
- Student Assessment - Schools design a system of assessment that provides multiple opportunities for students to publicly exhibit what they know and can do. Assessments grow out of classroom work and provide on-going feedback to the school community, the teacher, the student and the parent on a students' progress toward achieving academic proficiency.
- Student Support - ‘Smallness', less than 100 students per grade level, helps to create a learning community for students and teachers and provides opportunities for flexible and innovative structures to support students academically and emotionally.
- Democratic School Governance - Purposefully designed structures provide for everyone's voice to be heard and respected in the decision-making process with regard to hiring personnel, managing budget, determining curriculum and pedagogy, developing students' activities and any other policies that affect the daily life of students and faculty.
- Professional Development - Staff participates in on-going professional development that focuses on student success. Time during the school day is provided for staff development and the creation of professional learning communities. New teachers are mentored in order to help them to understand and to implement the goals of the community.
Early College academic features
In addition to the Six Design Principles, Middle College-Early College High School's have the following academic features to ensure that all students can and do earn 60 transferable college credits or an associate's degree:
- Students enrolled in the HFEC have the opportunity to simultaneously complete high school, earn a significant number of college credits and receive certification. This opportunity is highlighted in all literature, in student talk, in teacher classrooms and in the ways that the school culture is visible to outsiders.
- Dual enrollment in college courses is a requirement for high school graduation and everyone knows this. This results in a heightened "academic push" by all teachers and students.
- Students are provided an academic and affective support system that starts in high school and is extended through community college completion for all youngsters.
- There is communication between the high school and college that keeps students and students' experiences at the center of all decisions.
- Henry Ford Early College provides an enlargement of the adult community, including college staff that is responsible for the high school students.
- A Henry Ford Early College graduate has a better chance to go on to complete a Bachelor's degree (four years). Because students have started and completed academically challenging and rigorous work in earlier stages of development than most high school students, they have developed work habits and habits of mind that recognize them as more valued members of their community than their peers.