Cancer Prevention and Screenings
Screening options to find cancer early.
Research shows that early detection is key to treating -- and beating -- cancer. We offer a full range of screening tests to identify all types of cancer.
Everyone, no matter their age, should have regular checkups to identify risk factors and problems before they become serious. These exams should include health counseling and, depending on a person’s age and gender, exams for cancers of the:
Cancer screening tests
Many cancers can be treated successfully, or at least kept in check, if caught early enough. Screenings represent the best route to early detection. Recommended screenings depend on your age, gender, and risk factors.
Most cancer cases occur by chance -- without any identified risk factors. However, some types of cancer may have a genetic base. Genetic testing can help us identify if a person is at increased risk for some cancers.
Knowing that you’re at increased risk can help you and your loved ones make more informed screening and healthcare decisions. If you’re concerned about your personal or family risk of cancer, we offer genetic evaluation, testing, and counseling.
About half of cancer deaths can be avoided with healthy lifestyle choices. You can lower your cancer risk by:
- Getting recommended cancer screenings
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Not smoking
Our quit-tobacco programs are based on years of research and experience. They can provide the treatment needed to overcome physical, emotional, and social dependency on tobacco products.
All women age 20 and older should get in the habit of performing regular breast self-exams.
Unless there is a family history or additional personal risk for breast cancer, yearly mammograms should begin at age 40.
Women age 21-39 should get a Pap test every three years. A pap test and HPV (human papillomavirus) DNA test should be given every five years from age 30-65.
Doctors may suggest more frequent screenings for women with certain risk factors, such as history of DES (diethylstilbestrol, a synthetic form of the female hormone estrogen) exposure, HIV infection, or a weak immune system.
Women who have been vaccinated against HPV should still follow the cervical cancer screening recommendations for her age group.
Starting at age 50, men and women should be checked for signs of colon cancer. Talk with your doctor about your personal and family history and what colon cancer screening schedule is best for you.
Screenings may include:
- Colonoscopy: Every 10 years
- CT colonoscopy: Every five years
- Double-contract barium enema: Every five years
- Fecal occult blood test: Yearly
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy: Every five years
If any test besides the colonoscopy comes back positive, a colonoscopy should be performed.
If you are a current or former smoker, you’re at risk for lung cancer. We offer low-dose CT (computed tomography) of the chest to screen for the disease.
To be eligible for lung cancer screening, you must:
- Be 55-77
- Currently smoke, or have quit in the last 15 years
- Have smoked at least a pack a day for 30 years or more, or the equivalent (for example, you might have smoked two packs a day for 15 years)
Men 50 and older should receive a prostate specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal exam every year. High-risk men should begin testing as early as age 40. Talk with your doctor about your history and what prostate cancer screening schedule is best for you.